Protection of the environment is now one of the most acclaimed and widely discussed topics around the world. Many companies spend hundreds of millions of dollars to make products or their products environmentally friendly. An example is the electric car that is seen as a viable option to that of the gasoline-powered car. In 2009, world leaders met in Copenhagen ways they can prevent and reduce global warming, the effects of climate change, in fact, to discuss the protection of the environment. The travel industry is also not left out of this issue. In an industry where the number of people engaged predicted in international passenger traffic to reach the billion mark in 2010, there is concern about his contribution to the environmental damage. Also, like any other sector of the travel industry is concerned about ways of matters to be environmentally friendly. Outlined below are some of the environmental problems that the travel industry to address stakeholders and seek in some cases for long-term solutions.
1. Aviation which ferries hundreds of thousands of tourists around the world is of great interest to those seeking to protect the environment. A major concern for the industry’s greenhouse gas emissions and their impact on climate change. Aviation provides at least two per cent of emissions. One way the airline industry is working on this problem by rolling out newer aircraft with fuel efficient engines which means less carbon emissions. However, can not afford all the airlines especially in poorer countries, purchase of new aircraft.
2. Mass tourism. This puts pressure on the ecosystems in these areas and a threat to the flora and fauna. Climate change will mean that some places are not visitors because of the weather becoming extreme that will result will be promoted to overcrowding in other places with more favorable weather conditions. This also constitutes a threat to ecosystems in the overcrowded areas and the tourism of the area.
3. Deforestation. This also contributes to the destruction of flora and fauna and is a threat to tourism in those areas.
4. With the call to go green which is not omitted the tourism industry all industries around the world. There is pressure on those in the industry to find methods of companies that are sustainable and environmentally friendly do. Thus catering to hotels that build more environmentally friendly? What methods they can use to reduce energy and chemical substances used in the dry cleaning laundry tubs in the industry?
5. Human intervention. With a population continues to grow around the world, there is now competition between humans and animals for space. People are now encroaching on areas like national parks are protected and marked for wildlife. This has led to reports of humans and the animals slain by wild animals which leads to hunt people and killing of these animals which are regarded as a threat. This is a threat to tourism in the area. Human intervention is also forcing animals away from their habitat to other areas where they can not survive, leading to move to the extinction of certain species.