Massage is defined as any activities that involves acting and working on the various parts of the body by adding pressure, which can either be stationary, moving, structured or unstructured; and also by adding vibration, tension or motion. Massage can be provided or done to an individual through the use of a mechanical aids, like tools, equipment or devices that are specifically designed to a certain type of massage; or in a manual manner, like through the use of the fingers, elbows, knees, feet, hands, and forearms. There are basically a lot of various types and methods of massage, and those include the active release technique, aquatic bodywork, watsu, tui na, trigger point therapy, tradition Chinese massage or TCM, thai massage, Swedish massage, structural integration, shiatsu, myofascial release, medical massage, lymphatic drainage, lomilomi and indigenous massage of Oceania, foot massage, craniosacral therapy, ayurvedic massage, biodynamic massage, the ashiatsu, and acupressure. Some of the most common supplies, facilities, and equipment used and typically designed for massages are massage tables, cremes, gels, oils, lotions, vichy showers, warm-water therapy pools, dry-water massage tables; massage tools, like the body rock, bamboo and rosewood tools, and needles; and massage chairs. The various effects and health benefits that a person may obtain from massage include pain relief, reduce state and trait anxiety, reduce heart rate, reduce and lower blood pressure, and reduce subclinical depression.
The professional who can provide and practice therapeutic massage are called as massage therapists, athletic trainers, practitioners of TCM, and physical therapists. A massage therapist can also be called as medical massage therapist, registered massage therapist, bodywork therapist, and licensed massage therapist, and they may specialize in various techniques and modalities. In order to become a massage therapist, an individual should undertake a massage therapy training program, earn a certificate of CPR and first aid, pass a specified number of work hours, passing a written tests, background check, disease screening, and a degree from an accredited school. The different duties and responsibilities assigned to each and every massage therapists include recording the notes and information about their client, giving massages, making or setting up an appointment with their clients, promoting their practice, and maintaining their office. Most of the massage therapists can be found working in day spas, while some are working in massage centers or massage spas, and the people who wants to find and locate the best massage therapist in their local area can do so, through the use of the internet, or through the word of mouth and recommendations of families and colleagues.