Any abnormal condition of the human beings or a disorder that may affect the normal function of structures of a specific organ or all parts of the body is called as diseases. Diseases does not only affect the people physically, but it can also affect them emotionally, which is why the people who have diseases are fragile and needs to be taken care of by the medical practitioners, and their families, friends and love ones. The common types of diseases are genetic diseases, physiological diseases, infectious diseases, airborne diseases, lifestyle diseases, foodborne diseases, deficiency diseases, communicable diseases, and non-communicable diseases. There are a lot of diseases, and some of the most deadliest diseases in humans, nowadays, are the lower respiratory tract infections, coronary artery disease or blood flow obstruction, and cerebrovascular diseases.
The lower respiratory tract infections or shortened as LRTI, is commonly used as a synonym for pneumonia, or any other types of infection in the lungs, such as acute bronchitis and lung abscess, and antibiotics are recognized as the first line of treatment for such disease. The common symptoms that are commonly felt by the patients who are suffering from LRTI, are fatigue, fever, weakness, coughing, and shortness of breath. Some of the various causes of LRTI or lower respiratory tract infection include viral infections, such as human respiratory syncytial virus, influenza, adenovirus, and human parainfluenza viruses; bronchitis, which is described as the inflammation or the swelling of the bronchial tubes; pneumonia, which is caused by pneumococcal bacteria; and parasitic infections, such as respiratory cryptosporidiosis.
CAD is the short term that refers to coronary artery disease, and it is also known as ischemic heart disease or IHD, and such disease is described as a group of disease, like stable angina, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, and unstable angina. The different symptoms of CAD are irregular heartbeat or heart failure; exercise or emotional stress; shortness of breath; and chest discomfort or chest pain that tends to travel into the neck, jaw, arm, shoulder and back of the patient. The various treatments and management of CAD include changing of lifestyle; coronary interventions, like coronary stent and angioplasty; surgeries, like CABG or coronary artery bypass grafting; and medical treatments or medications, like beta-blockers, nitroglycerin, calcium antagonists, aspirin, and cholesterol lowering medications.
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A vascular disease of the cerebral circulation or the arteries, is called as the cerebrovascular disease, which can also be referred to as stroke. The various causes of stroke are aneurysms, embolism, low flow states, and atherosclerosis, and the three basic types of stroke are the subarachnoid haemorrhage, the ischemic stroke, and the transient ischemic attack or TIA. The various treatment and management of cerebrovascular diseases include surgery, such as vascular surgery and endovascular surgery; changes in lifestyle activities; and medications, such as blood thinners, antihypertensive, antiplatelet, and anti-diabetic medications.Practical and Helpful Tips: Treatments